The education of law in India has been offered by the various universities in various academic levels. The BCI (Bar Council of India) is the main regulatory body of Law education. In the year of 1985, the “Law Commission of India” has decided to establish a University for Law Education to raise the academic standard of the legal profession in India. Thereafter the first law University in India was established in Bangalore named as “National Law School of India University” popularly known as the “NLS”. It was the time when the first LLB degree was started in India.
COURSE, DURATION & ELOGIBILITY:
Integrated law course can be pursued right after completing 12th standard. This program will lead one to dual degrees- It is 5 years long integrated academic program. A Bachelor’s Degree (depending on the program) and LL.B., on course completion. Some of the popular integrated law programs available in India are BA LL.B., B.Com. LL.B., B.Sc. LL.B. and BBA LL.B. Depending on one’s interest, one may go for any of the above mentioned law programs.
Students who have passed 10+2 board examination (any stream- Science, Commerce or Arts) are eligible to pursue this course. Minimum marks criteria may exist in case of many institutes. Usually minimum aggregate marks required is around 45-50%.
Course in LLB can be pursued after completing graduation also. If you are not interested in law courses after 12th, you may go for any 3 or 4 years long graduation program, complete it and then pursue LL.B. After completing LL.B. program, one may enroll with the Bar Council and start practicing as a Lawyer in India.
To secure admission in reputed law institutes, one can appear in law entrance tests and score good marks in those tests.
Different types of law entrance tests are State level test, Institute-wise test, National level test, etc.
- AILET (All India Law Entrance Test)
- BLAT (BHU Law Admission Test)
- CLAT (Common Law Admission Test)
- ULSAT (UPES Legal Studies Aptitude Test)
One can go for master’s program on these branches-
- International Law
- Business Law
- Criminal Law
- Civil Law
- Taxation Law
- Taxation Law
- Energy & Environmental Law
- Banking Law
- Taxation Law
- Intellectual Property Law
- Labor Laws
After completing PG program, if you are interested in further studies, you may go for PhD program.
Rather than Master’s Degree courses, law graduates may also go for PG Diploma law courses and specialize in any of the above mentioned specializations.
After completing Bachelor of Law education, one may appear for Bar Council examination and clear it. After clearing the exam and enrolling with the Bar Council of India, one may start legal practice as an Advocate and start representing clients at court. A fresher after completing LLB may work under the reputed legal firm or lawyer for initial starting of his career. Only 20% of the Indian law students are eligible to work in court. So, there is a high demand in this field. A law student can be a solicitor general, public prosecutor or a part of private legal firms after gaining experience. The law students can appear for the exam conducted by the Public Service Commissions and get the position of Judge. Law graduates are also hired by MNCs and Corporate houses. They may also work with Banks and Finance related firms as a Legal Officer.