Agriculture

course

Horticulture is a branch of Agricultural Science which deals with the cultivation of vegetables, plants,  flowers, , herbs, fruits, shrubs, trees and landscaping for gardens, maintaining nurseries, green houses, gardens and plantations. Horticulture plays a vital role in everybody’s daily life. It has direct and indirect applications in food technology industries as production, harvesting and storing of vegetables have all become highly routined. Plants are grown under strictly controlled conditions using computers, sensors and biological control of pests and diseases. Ornamental plants such as trees, flowers and shrubs fill our parks and gardens, served as relieved and recreational areas for human society and habitats for the wildlife that lives around us. As horticulture plays an important role in human nutrition and the environmental issues, it has become popular subject to study for those interested in the social elements of agriculture.

COURSE, DURATION & ELIGIBILITY:

After completion of 10+2 in Science stream with physics, chemistry and mathematics/biology/agriculture, one can opt for Bachelor’s degree in Horticulture as a separate discipline or as a subject of BSc in Agriculture Science. The same basic qualifications are required for doing a diploma in agriculture.

Most Indian institutes teach horticulture as a subset of agriculture; others offer a separate degree in horticulture. After doing a B.Sc. in Horticulture one can continue his/her studies in the field by doing M.Sc. Or Ph.D. The minimum qualification for admission to various Master's programs in agriculture is 60 % marks or equivalent in graduation in same or related streams. A B.Sc degree in Agriculture or Horticulture is required in order to get admission to MA in Floriculture, Pomology and Landscaping or Vegetable Crops.

FUTURE SCOPES:

Graduates who have completed a degree program in horticulture can enter a broad range of professional careers in production, marketing, management, research and landscape design and maintenance. Increasing product demands, advances in horticultural technology, and a growing export industry are making this an extremely profitable career. A huge number of graduates choose to work directly in the field through employment in greenhouses, nurseries, and garden centers. Other institutions that hire horticulturalists are government, schools, zoos, farms, design firms and educational institutions. There are many positions available for graduates of horticulture. Some of these are in:

  1. Operating a horticulture business such as an orchard, flower shop, vegetable farm, landscaping service or garden center.
  2. working as a consultant for companies dealing with fertilizers, seeds sprays and those who need horticultural training for their employees
  3. Making sure that fresh and processed fruits and vegetables are up to standards set by the government and other agencies

As a designer or contractor for landscaping projects for both residential and commercial properties.

Livestock Production


Livestock production is a system that produces food and other commodities (E.g. eggs, milk, wool, etc.) by rearing domesticated animals in agricultural settings. The production of these goods is an important factor in the economical stability of a country; this necessitates a focus study on the various aspects of Livestock production.


Students taking this course will gain an understanding about the science and technology behind modern Livestock production techniques and management including Animal Husbandry, cattle breeding and rearing, etc.


Available degrees & Duration:

Students will study a 4 ½ to 5 years Bachelor’s degree course in Veterinary sciences (B.V.Sc). They will need to complete 10+2 school years in Physics, Maths, Chemistry, Biology and other subjects. They may also do a 2 year postgraduate course (M.V.Sc.) in Livestock production and management.    


Future Scope:


Achieving a degree in livestock production opens door to a large number of career opportunities including, but not limited to:


1. Animal Geneticists

2. Animal Health Inspector

3. Animal breeder

4. Daily farmers.

Dairy Technology

Dairy technology is a branch of Food and Processing Technology. It primarily deals with the study of milk processing and its products. The “White Revolution” in the 1970’s led to a sharp increase in milk production; today, with an increasing demand in dairy production, there is a growing need for more people to study the dairy production, breed cattle and run dairy farms and companies.


This specialization is for prospective students interested in studying dairy and its products including their chemical composition and properties.

Available degrees & Duration:

Those interested in Dairy Technology may acquire a degree in B.Tech /B.E. (4 year course) or a B.Sc. (duration of 3 years). Diplomas are also available in Dairy Technology. They require a minimum of 10+2 school qualification in Physics, Maths, Chemistry and Biology and other subjects. A M.Sc. degree can be obtained after graduating in Science.


Future Scope:


Dairy Technologists have many job prospects like:

1. Dairy Plant Supervisor/Manager/Assistant Manager

2. Quality control Officer

3. Dairy Farmer

4. Research and Development in public and private sectors

Poultry Farming


A part of the Food and Processing Technology, Poultry farming is the science of raising birds, domestically or commercially, primarily meant for producing meat and eggs. The popularity of meat demands for a constant and quality breeding and management of poultry.

The course offers a chance for students to study the scientific methods and techniques required for breeding, farm management,   feed formulation and analysis, disease control and prevention, etc.

Available degrees & Duration:


Interested students may obtain a certificate with an 8th standard pass. To do a course in B.V.Sc they must be a 10+2 pass out in Science. They may further pursue M.V.Sc., M.Sc. and Ph.D.


Future Scope:


Poultry farmers specialize in breeding technique and food production. They often work with veterinaries, dairy farms, etc.

Agronomy


This branch of agriculture deals with the production of crops; it includes research and development on production, improving agriculture productivity, minimizing the effects of pests, planting and maintenance.


The course offers students a chance to study soil fertility, plant nutrition, organic crops, bio fuel, pesticides, and many similar subjects.


Available degrees & Duration:


An associate degree, B.Sc, M.Sc and a Ph.D degree maybe achieved. The minimum qualification for an associate degree and B.Sc. is a 10+2 schooling in science.


Future Scope:


Crops are a large part of a country’s growth and development, and hence, provides many job opportunities like:

1. Farms and greenhouses

2. Research and experiment in agricultural labs

3. Working with food processing mills

Horticulture


Horticulture is the agronomic science of garden cultivation and management, mainly for food, material, comfort and beauty. Students studying Horticulture will be able to delve into soil management, landscape restoration, construction and maintenance and arboriculture among other topics. The field opens doors to different careers such as Landscape development and management, public gardens, landscape design and pest management.

Available degrees & Duration:

 

After completion of 10+2 in Science stream with physics, chemistry and mathematics/biology/agriculture, one can opt for Bachelor’s degree in Horticulture as a separate discipline or as a subject of BSc in Agriculture Science. The same basic qualifications are required for doing a diploma in agriculture.

 

Future Scope:

 

There are many positions available for graduates of horticulture. Some of these are in:

  1. Operating a horticulture business such as an orchard, flower shop, vegetable farm, landscaping service or garden center.

  2. working as a consultant for companies dealing with fertilizers, seeds sprays and those who need horticultural training for their employees

  3. Making sure that fresh and processed fruits and vegetables are up to standards set by the government and other agencies

Plant Pathology

Plant pathology is an applied science which involves the study of plant diseases. Plant pathologists understand the organisms and environmental conditions that cause these diseases; they deal with the control of these diseases and are, hence, vital to food security and safety.

Students specializing in this course will learn the biology and evolution of the disease infected plants and how they affect all major organisms like humans and animals. 


Available degrees & Duration:


Students may gain a degree in Bachelor of Sciences and can further pursue an MSc in plant pathology. The Bachelor’s degree requires a 10+2 schooling in science.


Future Scope:


Plant pathologists mainly research and develop ways to combat plant infections in labs. They mainly work with farmers, plant breeders, greenhouses, nurseries, etc.

Animal Husbandry


Animal Husbandry refers to the breeding, marketing and caring of livestock on farms. The livestock are usually domesticated animals and birds such as sheep, horses, dogs, chickens, etc.  This is a source of livelihood for farmers, who sell animal produces like milk, meat, eggs and wool to obtain profits.

Students of Animal Husbandry will study the management and care of farm animals for profit, their genetic qualities and behaviors that are beneficial for human consumption.

Available degrees & Duration:

Students may study for an associate or a bachelor’s degree in Animal Sciences. This requires a 10+2 school qualification in Physics, Maths, Chemistry, Biology and sciences. It is also possibly to enroll in Master’s and Doctorate Programs.

Future Scope:


Students interested in pursuing a career in Animal Husbandry have the following job opportunities:

1. Farm Manager

2. Research Assistant

3. Animal Technician

4. Livestock breeder

Forestry

Forestry is the practice of managing and cultivating forests for ecological and commercial purposes. It requires an understanding of the complex interactions between the various aspects of the land and trees.

Students take a course in forestry will gain a foundation on biology of trees and plants, ecology and geology. By the end of the course they will have an in-depth understanding of forestry, ecology, natural resources, land management and environmental sciences.

 Available degrees & Duration:

Students may study for an associate or a bachelor’s degree in Forestry and environmental sciences. This requires a 10+2 school qualification in Physics, Maths, Chemistry, Biology and sciences. It is also possibly to enroll in Master’s and Doctorate Programs.

Future Scope:

Forestry graduates may work in:

1. Logging Companies

2. Research and development

3. Zoological parks

4. Wildlife rangers


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